Trans Mediterranean Airways, more commonly known as TMA or TMA Cargo was an all cargo airline based in Beirut, Lebanon. The airline was established and started operations in 1953 as a non-scheduled carrier operating cargo and passenger services. Its fleet consisted of two DC4s, six DC6s, and two CL-44. (At that time it was the first cargo airline in Lebanon and the Middle East region). During 1966 TMA entered the jet-age when it a leased a single B707 freighter
In 1971 TMA purchased its first B707-320C, and inaugurated its round the world all cargo scheduled service. Five years later in 1976, two B747-100F freighters briefly joined the fleet.
During 1985 TMA Temporary suspension of operations as a result of the Lebanese civil war
TMA ceased all flights on February 2004 when the Lebanese Civil Aviation Authority (LCAA) pulled its Air Operating Certificate (AOC) citing safety concerns over its aging Boeing 707 fleet. The airline was in serious financial troubles and as a result was unable to modernize its fleet. The airline's future fate is uncertain. At present, TMA has less than 200 staff and five Boeing 707 planes that are parked at Rafik Hariri International Airport.
ZAS Airline of Egypt
Zarkani Aviation Services, ZAS Airline of Egypt was founded by Emir Zarkani as a freight airline. Operations started on November 23, 1982 with a flight from Cairo to Amsterdam to London, initially with an un-hushed B707 freighter.
In 1987 ZAS was granted a license to carry passenger charter operations. The route Amsterdam to Cairo was flown with a hush-kitted 707. Eventually ZAS 707 fleet reached a total of six examples.
Flights to Jeddah for the Hajji were begun that year and then flights to Western Europe.
ZAS operated a variety of aircraft from old Boeing 707s to modern MD-87s and Airbus A300s. The Gulf War of 1990-91 brought a downturn in the Egyptian tourist business and ZAS was heavily affected. The mounting difficulties led to a suspension of all operations in April 1995.
Air Swasi Cargo
Air Swasi Cargo (ASC) was a subsidiary of the South African company Safair and operated worldwide ad-hoc charters with Africa and to Europe, from its base in Matsapa. ASC was run by Brian Parmeter and TM Longmore and 20 or so company employees. It operated a single Boeing B707-320C freighter. ASC ceased operations during August 1995.