Vnukovo International Airport


Vnukovo International Airport (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is an international airport located 28 km (18 mi) southwest from the center of Moscow, Russia. It is one of three major airports serving Moscow (along with Vnukovo International Airport and Sheremetyevo International Airport). In 2007, the airport handled 6.78 million passengers, representing a 33% increase over 2006.

Vnukovo is the oldest of the operating airports in Moscow. The construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, since the older Khodynka Airport (located much closer to the city centre and closed by 1980s) was overloaded. Vnukovo was opened on July 1, 1941. During the Great Patriotic War it served as a military airbase, and then the passenger service started.

Vnukovo Airport was used for military operations during the Second World War. The airport became a civilian airport after the war. On September 15, 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner carried out its first passenger flight from Moscow Vnukovo to Irkutsk via Omsk. The first passenger flight of Ilyushin IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata, on April 20, 1956) and Tupolev Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on April 24, 1961) were also carried out from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo Airport was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.

The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3000 m and 3060 m in length. Each runway is 60 meters wide with 10-meter wide safety shoulders on each side. The runway's joint capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour. The airport has two passenger terminals (International terminal B and domestic terminal 2), one general aviation terminal (for charter business flights), one cargo terminal and 60 aircraft stands. The airport can handle a maximum number of 3,000 passengers per hour. 4,000 people are employed at the airport. The Tupolev Tu-154 rework facility is also located at Vnukovo. A VIP hall was equipped at Vnukovo Airport, and it is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President fleet also uses the VIP facility at Vnukovo Airport.
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